We the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic and to secure to all citizens -

Justice: Social, Economic and Political –

Liberty of thought, Expression, Belief, Faith and Worship.

Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all.

Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and unity of the nations –

In our constituent assembly this 26th day of November 1949.

Do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.

The important thing in science is not so much to obtain new facts as to discover new ways of thinking below them.